The Ultimate Guide To Vegetarian Protein Sources


When It Comes To Diet, Protein Is Frequently The Star Of The Show Because It Is Essential For Healthy Muscle Growth And Repair. Although Many People Only Think Of Meat When They Think About Protein, Vegetarians And Vegans Have A Wide Range Of Options To Meet Their Protein Demands. This Tutorial Looks At Several Plant-Based Protein Sources, Their Nutritional Characteristics, And How To Include Them In A Diet That Is Balanced.

If you’re a vegetarian or just want to eat healthier, it can be challenging to find protein sources that don’t come from animal products. However, there are plenty of plant-based options for vegetarians and vegans alike.

We’ve compiled a list of the 10 best vegetarian protein food items for muscle building.

Find the best vegetarian protein food items for your goal!

Most people know the significance of a high protein diet in muscle building. This awareness about the relevance of protein has persuaded people to include ample protein foods in their regular diets. Various protein supplements present in the market have made it furthermore convenient to meet individual protein needs.

But there is a famous notion that vegetarian foods are protein deficient, due to which it is difficult for vegans to have adequate dietary proteins. However, there are plenty of veg protein foods available.

The difference between vegetarian and non-vegetarian protein foods is because of their distinct quality of proteins.

Non-Vegetarian Protein Foods vs Vegetarian Protein Foods:

Source: Canva

The quality of proteins present in food depends upon various parameters, which include PDCAAS (Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score), Protein Efficiency Ratio, Biological Value, and Net Protein Utilization. These variables determine the quality of protein-based on their digestion and absorption in the body.

According to a report published on NCBI, following are the PDCAAS for foods mentioned below:

Non-Veg Foods PDCAAS Veg Foods PDCAAS
Egg White- 1 Milk- 1
Chicken Breast- 1 Whey Protein- 1
Tuna Fish- 1 Casein- 1
Soybean Concentrate- 0.99
Black Beans- 0.75
Pea Flour- 0.69
Rolled Oats- 0.57
Whole Wheat- 0.40

Similarly, these foods have their individual biological values, etc. All these parameters together ascertain the quality of protein present in a particular food.

Whey and Egg proteins are considered the best protein foods based on the quality of protein present in them.

Below are some protein-rich vegetarian foods found in India, which should be added to regular vegan diets:

Cow’s Milk and Milk Products:

Cow’s milk, besides being an excellent source of good quality protein, is enriched with calcium, CLA, phosphorus and various other nutrients. It is low in fat in contrast to buffalo’s milk. Various milk products include Cottage Cheese, Buttermilk, Curd, Cheddar/Mozzarella Cheese, yogurt, etc. These are extremely beneficial for muscle gain regime when consumed as per individual requirements.

Some trainers recommend prohibiting milk from a regular diet. But remember, both casein and whey are part of milk and hence milk should form a part of high protein vegetarian diet plans. Even fat present in milk is essential, as everyone needs some amount of fat daily irrespective of one’s target. CLA (a fat present in milk) also helps in burning belly fat. The amount of protein in 100 ml of cow’s milk is 3-4 g.


Males are often recommended to debar Soy protein in the diet, because of its attribute of reducing testosterone levels. But the fact is, “extortionate daily consumption” of Soy protein affects male hormones. If consumed within a permissible limit i.e. 20 g per day, it is as good for men as in the case of women. Although males should avoid drinking exclusive soy protein shakes as they may supply more “soy” to the body than the daily allowance.

Soy Protein is a highly digestible, rich source of omega 6, fiber, iron, calcium, etc. A portion of 25 g of soybean provides around 9-10 g of good quality proteins.

Other soy foods are:

  • Tofu: 100 g provides 6-8 g of protein
  • Soy milk: 100 ml provides 3-4 g of protein.
  • Soy Flour: 50 g provides 15-16 g of protein. Addition of Soy flour to your regular flour adds to daily protein intake.

Pulses/ Lentils/ Beans:

Pulses are incomplete proteins, i.e. they lack some essential amino acids. But for vegetarians, lentils are a major source of protein. They are rich in complex carbohydrates and loaded with fiber, potassium, magnesium, B vitamins, and other nutrients, as well as phytochemicals (including saponins and tannins).

Lentil protein promotes the slow release of energy as well as contains iron which helps in transporting oxygen throughout the body enhancing metabolism. Pulses besides being high protein support weight loss when consumed in moderation. 25 g of pulses or beans provide 6-10 g protein.

Roasted Gram/ Chana:

It is also a rich source of energy and protein, and 25 g of it provides 5 g protein.
Sattu, flour made of roasted grams is also a very rich source of energy and protein and can be used to make various high protein vegetarian recipes.


It contains 6-7 g protein per 25 g; however they also contain 12 g of fat. Peanuts can be adeptly taken as a good source of protein, contemplating the amount of fat in them.


A serving of 25 g of almonds imparts 4-5 g of protein along with 12 g of fat, whereas 25 g walnuts contain around 2.5- 3 g of protein and 15 g of fats. Besides being loaded with micro-nutrients, it contributes to weight gain if consumed in excess.

Cereals/ Grains:

Cereals refer to grains such as amaranth, quinoa, oats, ragi, wheat, etc. Most cereals contain 3-4 g protein per 25 g. This signifies that consuming grains too add to daily protein intakes.

Wheat consumption also adds to protein intake. Gluten present in wheat is an incomplete protein but it is very healthy for people who are gluten tolerant.


Seitan is a substitute for meat products. It is made from gluten, the key protein present in wheat. It is a very good source of protein, 20 g of which provides 15 g of protein, no cholesterol, 0.4 g fat. Meat products might sometimes carry carcinogenic compounds called HCA, which seitan does not.


Most vegetables lack proteins with the exception of a few, such as Peas, Spinach, Kale, Broccoli, Mushroom, Broccoli and Brussel which contain around 2-4 g of protein per 100 g. However, vegetables are rich in micronutrients which also promote muscle gain. Overcooking can lead to loss of goodness they actually possess.

Vegetarian protein powder:

A lot of people find it difficult to maintain a daily dietary intake of protein as per requirement. It is further challenging for vegetarians due to the higher demand for protein foods. Hence vegetarian protein powders such as Nutrabay Pure Whey Isolate, Nutrabay Wellness Vegan Plant Protein, etc, can be added to the diet to meet the daily protein needs conveniently.

Foods with zero or negligible proteins:

  • Sugar
  • Oils and fats
  • Sago (Sabudana)
  • Most fruits (contain almost negligible protein) such as apples, strawberries, grapefruit, grapes, etc.
  • Vegetables like gourd vegetables, celery, onion, etc.

High Protein Vegetarian Diet Plan – A Guide for You:

Meal Timing Menu
Early Morning Mixed Nuts & Seeds
Breakfast Cow’s Milk with Protein Powder and Grains
Mid- Morning Any Sprouts or Roasted Chana with Nuts/ Buttermilk
Lunch Green Salad, Tofu/ Paneer, Steamed Vegetable & Grains
Mid Afternoon Coffee with some Nuts
Late Evening (Around 6-7 pm) Veg Protein Supplement in Water
Dinner Daal, Steamed Vegetable & Grains (Optional)
Bed Time (2 hours before Sleep) Milk

Quantity of foods in the plan differs as per specific targets, from person to person. High protein vegetarian foods consumed in moderation can easily form a part of weight loss diet, as most high protein vegetarian foods contain a moderate amount of fats.

How to Make Vegetarian Muscle Gaining Foods Taste Good?


Gaining muscle on a vegetarian diet doesn’t have to be a boring affair. In fact, with the right ingredients and preparation techniques, it can be a culinary adventure that you won’t soon forget!

Try out Nuts & Seeds:

One way to add excitement to your muscle-gaining diet is by experimenting with different combinations of nuts and seeds. For example, try tossing moong beans or brussel sprouts with almonds, walnuts, or sunflower seeds for a protein-packed, crunchy salad.

Use Wheat Chapatis:

Another great option is to use wheat chapatis as a base for savory fillings. One delicious recipe is to mix sattu (a type of roasted gram flour) with garlic and herbs, and then stuff it into the chapatis. The result is a protein-rich and flavorful meal that will keep you energized throughout the day.

Add Yoghurt:

Yogurt is also a versatile ingredient that can be used to create a range of tasty muscle-gaining dishes. Add nuts and a small amount of fruit to your yogurt for a delicious snack or use it as a base for a smoothie bowl topped with fresh fruit and granola.

Make Use of Soya:

If you’re craving something more substantial, try making fresh soya chaap at home without using all-purpose flour. This high-protein ingredient can be grilled with different herbs and spices to create a delicious and satisfying main course.

Fresh Veggies:

Finally, don’t forget about the power of fresh veggies! Steamed broccoli, mushrooms, boiled peas and roasted peanuts seasoned with oregano or rosemary are a perfect complement to homemade garlic hung curd. The combination of flavors and textures will leave your taste buds dancing with joy!

Conclusion: High Protein Vegetarian Food to Get the Same Amount of Protein as Non-Vegetarian Diet:


After exploring the various high protein vegetarian food options available, it is clear that there are plenty of tasty and nutritious options to choose from. With the right combination of protein-rich plant-based foods, it is entirely possible to achieve the same level of protein intake as a non-vegetarian diet.

Not only can a high protein vegetarian diet provide the necessary nutrients for muscle growth and maintenance, but it can also offer a range of health benefits, including improved digestion, lowered risk of chronic diseases, and increased energy levels.

By incorporating protein-rich foods such as tofu, lentils, beans, nuts, and quinoa into your diet, you can enjoy delicious and satisfying meals while still getting all the protein your body needs.

So, whether you are a vegetarian looking to increase your protein intake or simply looking for a more plant-based approach to your diet, there are plenty of options available to help you achieve your goals. By choosing high-protein vegetarian foods, you can support your health, the environment, and animal welfare all at once. It’s a win-win situation!

Knowing About Protein:

Before We Go Into Particular Sources, Let’s Define Protein And Discuss Its Importance. Amino Acids, Which Are The Building Blocks Of Tissues, Hormones, Enzymes, And Other Bodily Functions, Make Up Proteins, Which Are Macronutrients. Since The Body Cannot Store Protein Like It Can Fats Or Carbohydrates, It Must Be Consumed Consistently To Maintain A Variety Of Biological Processes.

The Necessary Nutrients:

0.8 Grams Of Protein Per Kilogram Of Body Weight Is The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) For Adults. Individual Requirements, However, Could Change Depending On Things Like Age, Degree Of Activity, And General Health. If Vegans And Vegetarians Eat A Wide Variety Of Plant-Based Foods, They Can Easily Meet Their Protein Needs.

Sources Of Plant-Based Protein:


Chickpeas, Lentils, And Other Legumes Are Nutrient-Dense Foods Powerful Foods That Are High In Fiber, Protein, And Other Nutrients. You May Use Them In Stews, Burgers, Salads, And Soups Because They Are So Adaptable.

Soy-Based Products:

As Complete Protein Sources, Soybeans And Their Byproducts, Such As Tempeh, Edamame, And Tofu, Include Every Necessary Amino Acid. They Can Be Seasoned And Cooked In A Variety Of Ways, Making Them Great Alternatives To Meat.


Quinoa Is A Protein-Rich Pseudocereal That Is A Staple Food For Vegans And Vegetarians. In Addition, It Is Devoid Of Gluten And Rich In Fiber, Iron, And Magnesium. Quinoa Can Be Eaten As A Side Dish Or As The Foundation For Salads And Bowls.

Seeds And Nuts:

Nuts And Seeds Rich In Nutrients, Such As Hemp Seeds, Chia Seeds, Walnuts, And Almonds, Are Excellent Providers Of Protein, Good Fats, And Anti-Oxidants. They Can Be Added To Cereals, Yogurts, Or Smoothies, Or They Can Be Eaten As Easy Snacks.

Sei Tan:

Made From Gluten, The Protein Present In Wheat, Seitan, Commonly Referred To As Wheat Gluten, Is A High-Protein Meat Alternative. With Its Chewy Texture And Good Flavor Absorption, It Works Well In Sandwiches, Kebabs, And Stir-Fries.

Pasta Made With Legumes:

Pasta Made From Legumes, Such As Black Beans, Chickpeas, Or Lentils, Is A High-Protein Substitute For Typical Wheat-Based Pasta. It Goes Nicely With A Variety Of Sauces And Vegetables And Is Free Of Gluten.

Advice For Including:

Diversify Your Plate: To Make Sure You’re Getting A Wide Range Of Amino Acids And Nutrients, Try To Eat A Variety Of Protein Sources Throughout The Day.

Mix Incomplete Proteins: Certain Essential Amino Acids May Be Absent From Some Plant-Based Protein Sources. Complete Proteins Can Be Made By Combining Various Sources, Such As Hummus With Whole-Grain Bread Or Beans And Rice.

Be Aware Of Portion Sizes: Although Plant-Based Proteins Are Nutrient-Dense, They Can Nevertheless Add To Calorie Consumption. Pay Attention To Portion Sizes, Particularly If You’re Trying To Lose Weight.

Try New Recipes: Don’t Be Scared To Use Your Imagination When Cooking! To Keep Meals Tasty And Entertaining, Experiment With Different Recipes And Cooking Techniques.


Making The Switch To A Vegetarian Or Vegan Diet Doesn’t Require Consuming Less Protein. With So Many Plant-Based Options Available, People May Easily Eat A Variety Of Tasty And Diverse Meals While Satisfying Their Nutritional Needs. Vegetarians And Vegans Can Flourish On A Diet High In Protein By Knowing The Nutritional Characteristics Of Various Foods And Carefully Combining Them Into Meals Promotes Their Wellbeing And Wellness.

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